In addition to the three Great Apes, Gorilla Bonobo and Chimpanzee, Africa is also home to over 216 species of primates. The primates list includes 105 on the African mainland and 111 on the island of Madagascar.

The African primates include the smallest in the world, the Mouse lemurs of Madagascar,  Mouse lemurs have a combined head, body and tail length of less than 27 centimetres (11 in), making them the smallest primates (the smallest species being Madame Berthe's mouse lemur); however, their weight fluctuates in response to daylight duration.[6] Lemurs and Mouse Lemurs were announced by the IUCN as the most endangered of all vertebrates.

The most notable for tourism, however, are the spectacular Golden Monkeys of the Albertine region. These are found in Uganda, Rwanda and the Democratic republic of Congo. Due to the gradual destruction of their habitat and recent wars in their limited habitat, the Golden monkeys is listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List.